p3. From Josiah to Artaxerxes.


Olym  -➢ Number of Olympiads - every 4 years from 776 BC.
AUC  -➢Ab Urbe Conditae - the years from the foundation of Rome in 753 BC.
WTS  -➢ Chronology according to "Watch Tower Society"
BC   -➢ years Before Christ. (±) or BCE -Before the Common Era.
AM   -➢ Anno Mundi - from the creation of mankind.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
115 639 3367  !   1      JOSIAH    (age 8) reign 31 years    2Ki 22:1   2Chr 34:1
116     8      8  !   2  10        -->   In Judah:  1st regnal year = Year of the accession to the throne.
117     7      9  !   3  11 32
36     6 3370  !   4  12       ... Assyria: Assurbanipal   669-627    reign 42 years
119     5      1  !   5  13     
120     4      2  !   6  14 35
121     3      3  !   7  15     
37     2      4  !   8  16     
123     1      5  !   9  17     
650 630      6  !  10 18     
125     9      7  !  11 19 40
38     8      8  !  12 20       from 13th year of Josiah...  till 11th year of  Zedekiah    Jer 1:2-3
127     7 3379  *  13 21 42
 *   ➤   Beginning  of 40 days  (years)  for  Judah.   AM 3379  +  40 years  =  AM 3419  or  587 BC
*Eze 4:4-6 ...and lie on your right side 40 more days... a sign of Judah's punishment - one day for each year of its suffering.
128     6 3380  !  14 22   1 Assur Etel Ilani     627-624
129     5      1  !  15   1   Nabopolassar   626-605
39     4      2  !  16   2   3
 ->  In Babylon:   1st year = the year following the Enthronement. 
131     3      3  !  17   3   1 Sin Shar Ishkum     623-612
132     2      4  !  18   4   2  Hilkiah highpriest - Passover in Jeruzalem    2Ki 23:23  2Chr 35:18
133     1      5  !  19   5   3 Thorah found    2Chr 34:14
40 620      6  !  20   6   4
135     9      7  !  21   7   5
136     8      8  !  22   8   6
137     7      9  !  23   9   7
41     6 3390  !  24 10   8
139     5      1  !  25 11   9
140     4      2  !  26 12 10
141     3      3  !  27 13 11
42 612      4  !  28 14   1 Assur Uballit    612-609  Last Neo-Assyrian king after the destuction of ...
143     1      5  !  29 15   2 ...Assur and Nineveh in 612 - defeated by Babylonian at Carchemish in 609
630 610      6  !  30 16   3
 Pharaoh NECHOH  610-595
145 609      7  !  31 17                  calamity    (after   Josiahs   death)     predicted               "So I will let you die in peace, before I destroy this place." *2 Ki 22:20 
>> ➘ 609 BC = 17th year of Nabopolassar  Series of uninterrupted eclipses of the moon,
every 18 years, 11 days, and 8 hours.
- From 609 to 447 BC
 - LBAT 1419
  SAROS   ❖more info note 2  -  for more info BM 32234 
Pharao Nechoh against Assyria - Josiah killed  2Ki 23:29  2Chr 35:20
 Babylon World power > > > 
"
43 608      8  !       18 Jehoahaz (23) reign 3 months -  taken prisonner by Nechoh  2Ki 23:31-34   2Chr 36:2 "
147     7      9  !   1  19 Jehoiakim  (Eliakim)   (age 25) reign 11 years "
148     6 3400  !   2  20 "
625 605      1  !    21 Nebuchadnezzar  siege Jerusalem   " In the 3rd year of the reign of Jehoiakim... came Nebuchadnezzar... unto Jerusalem, and besieged it....

And the king spake unto Ashpenaz... that he should bring [certain] of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed...
And the king appointed them a daily provision...  so nourishing them 3 years...
Now among these were... Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah:" 
*Dan 1:1-6
 -  ➤ click >info
-  Daniel  ->  Babylon  > > 
" "
44     4      2  !      1  Nechoh - defeat - Carchemish  (4th year of Jehoakim)  Jer 46:2 " "
 !  4th of Jehoakim = 1st of Nebuchadnezzar  Jer 25:1 - serve the king of Babylon 70 years  Jer 25: 11-12 " "
151     3      3  !   5    2  Dan 2:1    2nd year of  Nebuchadnezzar:  Dream of the immage -  " "
 !  Dream: 2 years after destruction of  Egypt  >> Flavius Josephus  10.10. 3 " "
152     2      4  !   6    3
" "
153     1      5  !   7    4 > 4th year Neb. - 8th year Jehoiakim - Neb. required tribute of Jehoiakim - Flav Jos 10.6.1 " "
45 600      6  !      5 " "
155     9      7  !   9    6 " "
156     8      8  !  10   7  2nd siege of Jerusalem 
Jer 52:28  in 7th year ->  3023  jews in exile >> 
" "
157     7      9  !  11   8  Jehoiachin (Jechonia) (18) reign 3 months ->
2Ki 24:8-14  -> taken prisoner in 8th year of Nebuch.
" "
46 596 3410  !   1    9  Zedekiah   (age 21) reign 11 years   Jer 52:1 " "
159     5      1  !   2  10  ➙ ❖ cuneiform tablet 595 BC      Psametichus II   595-589
" "
160     4      2  !   3  11 " "
161     3      3  !   4  12
Eze 1:1-2  -> 5th year of king Jehoiachin's captivity  > > >
" "
47     2      4  !   5  13 " "
163 591      5  !   6  14  SAROS   591 BC = 14th Nebuchadnezzar  -  Dan 3:   The Golden immage -  furnace  " "
610 590      6  !   7  15 " "
165     9      7  !   8  16
 Hophrah  or  Apries  reign  589-570
" "
48     8      8  !   9  17   3th siege Jeruzalem    Jer 39:1 - Jer 52:4 - 2Ki 25:1 - Eze 24:1 " "
607 587 3419  !  10 18  Jer 32:1
Jer 52:29 18th year ->   832 jews in exile    > >  
" "
         *     ➤     END  of  390  days  and  40  days (years)  of  Ezekiel.   " "
         Eze 4:4  AM 3029 (the Division) + 390 years for Israel = AM 3419 / 587 BC " "
         AM 3379  (13th year of Josiah) + 40 years  for  Judah  = AM 3419 / 587 BC " "
168 586 3420 11 19 11th Jer 39:2  19th 52:12   2Ki 25:8-9
   Temple ... destroyed     >  >  >  
" " "
169     5      1 20
Eze 33:21   12th  year of  exile   ➚ ➚ ➚ 
" " "
49     4      2 21 " " "
171     3      3 22 " " "
172     2      4 23  23 = 5th year after the...
Jer 52:30  23rd year ->   745 jews  in  exile    > > 
" " "
173     1      5 24  ... destruction of Jeruzalem  (Flavius  Josephus  X.9.7) " " "
50 580      6 25 1 - ?? " " "
175     9      7 26 " " "
176     8      8 27 " " "
177     7      9 28
 Dan 4   Dream of  the tree ... 7 years (times)   
" " "
51     6 3430 29 " " "
179     5      1 30 " " "
180     4      2 31 7 - ?? " " "
181 573      3 32  SAROS
Eze 40:1  25th year of exile - 14th year after ...destruction  >>
" " "
52     2      4 33   ➘ 573 BC = 32nd of Nebuchadnezzar " " "
183     1      5 34 " " "
184 570      6 35
 Pharao  Amasis  570-526
" " "
185     9      7 36 " " "
53 568      8 37   ➙ ❖ VAT 4956  >> cuniform text:  battle against Pharao Amasis in 37th year  " " "
53/2 567      9 38   ➘ ❖ VAT 4956  >> Transcription of its translation  " " "
188     6 3440 39 " " "
189     5      1 40  Nebuchadnezzar    1st  cuneiform tablet 7/9/605   last - 8/10/562 " " "
54     4      2 41 " " "
191     3      3 42 " " "
192     2      4 43 " " "
581 561 3445  1   Evil Merodach
2Ki 25:27   Jer 52:31    return  Jehoiachin  in 37th year  > > > 
" " "
    ↖︎    ↑  1st tablet 8/10/562  last-7/8/560  reign 2 years (Berossus) Fl Josephus (Apion 1:20) " " "
        ↖︎↑    reign: 22 years according to  WTS  ??? " " "
55 560 3446      2  >>  Cyrus king of  Persia  560-529 BC   >> according Diodorus Olympiad  55/1 " " "
195     9      7    1   Neriglissar  reign 4 years   1st tablet 11/8/560 " " "
196     8      8    2  " " "
197     7      9    3  " " "
56     6 3450    4   Labashi Marduch   9 months    1st  tablet 3/5  last 20/6/556 " " "
199 555      1    1   Nabonidus (17 years)  SAROS  555 BC= 1st year of Nabonid    1st tablet 25/5/556  last - 13/10/539 " " "
200     4      2    2 
" " "
201     3      3    3  " " "
57     2      4    4  " " "
203     1      5    5    1st year Belsazar + Nabonidus   vision of 4 beasts  Dan 7 " " "
204 550 3456     >>   Cyrus king of  Medes and Persians " " "
205     9      7    7    3rd year Belsazar  vision of ram, 2 horns, 2300 days  Dan 8 " " "
58     8      8    8  " " "
207 547      9    9    " Adda Guppi -
Born in the 20th year of Assurbanipal (Assyria) -
Died in the 9th year of Nabonidus (Babylon)
In all: 102 years,
according to the chronology of the WTS,
we come to 122 years ..."  ???
  
 *Adda Guppi - mother of Nabonidus dies 102 years - (°649-547 BC) 
  
" " "
208     6 3460   10 " " "
209     5      1   11 " " "
59     4      2   12 " " "
211     3      3   13 " " "
212     2      4   14 " " "
213     1      5   15 " " "
60 540      6   16 " " "
215 539 3467     17   Darius    Dan 5:30   Cyrus II
End  of  Babylon 70 years  < < < 
" " "
   Flavius Josephus - Against Apion 1:19 -  ... temple on fire.  " "
   It so happened that our city was desolate during  70 years until Cyrus. " "
216 538      8    1  Dan 9:1  1st year of  Darius... I discerned... book Jeremia... devastations of Jerusalem 70 years " "
    Fl Jos - Antiq.XI:1 - The 1st year of Cyrus, the 70th  from the day " "
  that our people were removed out of their own land into Babylon.  " "
217 537      9    2   SAROS  537BC= 2nd year Cyrus  Fl Jos Against Apion 1:21 - In 18th year of Nebuchadnezzar  " "
  our temple desolate... for 50 years.   In 2nd year of Cyrus its foundations were laid, " "
  and it was finished again in the 2nd year of Darius (I)       " "
61     6 3470    3  > Dan 10:1  Daniel's  vision
    50 years < < 
" "
219 535      1    4    " the 2nd month of the 2nd year after the people had returned from Babylonia, they started rebuilding the Lord's temple..." *Jer 29:10 " *Ezr 3:8-10  " "
220     4      2    5  "
221     3      3    6  "
62     2      4    7  "
223     1      5    8  "
224 530      6      9  >>   Cyrus Killed in the battle  -> according Diodorus Olympiad  62/2 "
225     9      7  1   Cambyses II   8 years "
63     8      8  2  "
227     7      9  3  "
228     6 3480  4   Egypt: Psametichus III  reign  526-525 "
229 525      1  5   Cambyses  conquers  Egypt   May/June  525 "
64     4      2  6  "
231 523      3  7   523 BC = 7th year  ❖> more info: Clay Tablet BM 33066  <❖  "
232     2      4  8  "
233     1      5  1   Darius I  (the Great)  (age 29)  reign 36 years "
65 520      6  2 
Zech 1:1-12   ...whom you have denounced  these 70 years  
"
235 519      7  3   SAROS  519 BC = 3rd of Darius "
236     8      8  4 
-> Zech 7:1-5  when you fasted... in the 5th and 7th month...  for 70 years  
"
237     7      9  5  "
66 516 3490  
 70 years after the desolation  > Temple  inaugurated March 515  < < <
"
                   6th year of  Darius >  temple completed  Ezr 6:15
                           AM 3000  or  1006 BC      Temple  of   Salomo   inaugurated      
                     490 years later (70x7)  = AM 3490 or  516 BC  2nd temple completed
239     5      1  7 
240     4      2  8 
241     3      3  9 
67     2      4 10
243 511 3495 11

    
253 501 3505 21  SAROS   501 BC = 21st of Darius I
70 500      6 22 Pythagoras  570-500 
255     9      7 23
256     8      8 24
257     7      9 25
71 496 3510 26  > Darius    >> conquers Macedonia
259     5      1 27  1  >>  according to WTS    Darius + Xerxes  10 years  coregency  ??
260     4      2 28  2
261     3      3 29  3
72     2      4 30  4
263     1      5 31  5
264 490      6 32  6  Greek conquest near Marathon
265     9      7 33  7
73     8      8 34  8
267     7      9 35  9    Xerxes appointed as successor,  according to Herodotus . . .
    8     6 3520 36 10     . . . 1 year before  Darius went to war and died.
    9     5      1   1 11  Xerxes I    reign 21 years  (possibly Ahasveros   Esther 1:1)
74     4      2   2 12    >> info: Xerxes I << 
271 483      3   3 13  SAROS  483 BC = 3rd of Xerxes ❖> more info: BM 32234  <❖
    2     2      4   4 14
    3     1      5   5 15  Confucius dies
75 480      6   6 16  Xerxes invades Greece - wins  at Thermoplyae - Leonidas dies + 300 Spartans
275     9      7   7 17
    6     8      8   8 18
    7     7      9   9 19
76     6 3530 10 20
279     5      1 11 21
280     4      2 12  1  > WTS:  Artaxerxes 10 years earlier  > reign  51 years  instead  41 ???
    1     3      3 13  2
77     2      4 14  3
283     1      5 15  4
    4 470      6 16  5    Themistocles: letter to Xerxes  Leotychidas  dies
285     9      7 17  6
78     8      8 18  7
287     7      9 19  8  Themistocles went to Persia, spent 1 year studying the language . . .
288     6 3540 20  9   . . . before meeting the king   (Xerxes or Artaxerxes)
289 465      1 21 10 SAROS   Xerxes murdered (Aug 465 BC) by Artabanus - chief officer of Xerxes
79 464      2   1 11  Artaxerxes I     reign 41 years  (Longimanus or  Macrocheir) 

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