p3. From Josiah to Artaxerxes.


Olym  -➢ Number of Olympiads - every 4 years from 776 BC.
AUC  -➢Ab Urbe Conditae - the years from the foundation of Rome in 753 BC.
WTS  -➢ Chronology according to "Watch Tower Society"
BC   -➢ years Before Christ. (±) or BCE -Before the Common Era.
AM   -➢ Anno Mundi - from the creation of mankind.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
115 639 3367  !   1      JOSIAH    (age 8) reign 31 years    2Ki 22:1   2Chr 34:1
116     8      8  !   2  10        -->   In Judah:  1st regnal year = Year of the accession to the throne.
117     7      9  !   3  11 32
36     6 3370  !   4  12       ... Assyria: Assurbanipal   669-627    reign 42 years
119     5      1  !   5  13     
120     4      2  !   6  14 35
121     3      3  !   7  15     
37     2      4  !   8  16     
123     1      5  !   9  17     
650 630      6  !  10 18     
125     9      7  !  11 19 40
38     8      8  !  12 20     
127     7 3379  *  13 21 42  from 13th year of Josiah...  till 11th year of  Zedekiah    Jer 1:2-3
 *   ➤   Beginning  of 40 days  (years)  for  Judah.   AM 3379  +  40 years  =  AM 3419  or  587 BC
*Eze 4:4-6 ...and lie on your right side 40 more days... a sign of Judah's punishment - one day for each year of its suffering.
128     6 3380  !  14 22   1 Assur Etel Ilani     627-624
129     5      1  !  15   1   Nabopolassar   626-605
39     4      2  !  16   2   3
 ->  In Babylon:   1st year = the year following the Enthronement. 
131     3      3  !  17   3   1 Sin Shar Ishkum     623-612
132     2      4  !  18   4   2  Hilkiah highpriest - Passover in Jeruzalem    2Ki 23:23  2Chr 35:18
133     1      5  !  19   5   3 Thorah found    2Chr 34:14
40 620      6  !  20   6   4
135     9      7  !  21   7   5
136     8      8  !  22   8   6
137     7      9  !  23   9   7
41     6 3390  !  24 10   8
139     5      1  !  25 11   9
140     4      2  !  26 12 10
141     3      3  !  27 13 11
42 612      4  !  28 14   1 Assur Uballit    612-609  Last Neo-Assyrian king after the destuction of ...
143     1      5  !  29 15   2 ...Assur and Nineveh in 612 - defeated by Babylonian at Carchemish in 609
630 610      6  !  30 16   3
 Pharaoh NECHOH  610-595
145 609      7  !  31 17                  calamity    (after   Josiahs   death)     predicted               "So I will let you die in peace, before I destroy this place." *2 Ki 22:20 
>> ➘ 609 BC = 17th year of Nabopolassar  Series of uninterrupted eclipses of the moon,
every 18 years, 11 days, and 8 hours.
- From 609 to 447 BC
 - LBAT 1419
  SAROS   ❖more info note 2  -  for more info BM 32234 
Pharao Nechoh against Assyria - Josiah killed  2Ki 23:29  2Chr 35:20
 Babylon World power > > > 
"
43 608      8  !       18 Jehoahaz (23) reign 3 months -  taken prisonner by Nechoh  2Ki 23:31-34   2Chr 36:2 "
147     7      9  !   1  19 Jehoiakim  (Eliakim)   (age 25) reign 11 years "
148     6 3400  !   2  20 "
625 605      1  !    21 Nebuchadnezzar  siege Jerusalem   " In the 3rd year of the reign of Jehoiakim... came Nebuchadnezzar... unto Jerusalem, and besieged it....

And the king spake unto Ashpenaz... that he should bring [certain] of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed...
And the king appointed them a daily provision...  so nourishing them 3 years...
Now among these were... Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah:" 
*Dan 1:1-6
 -  ➤ click >info
-  Daniel  ->  Babylon  > > 
" "
44     4      2  !      1  Nechoh - defeat - Carchemish  (4th year of Jehoakim)  Jer 46:2 " "
 !  4th of Jehoakim = 1st of Nebuchadnezzar  Jer 25:1 - serve the king of Babylon 70 years  Jer 25: 11-12 " "
151     3      3  !   5    2  Dan 2:1    2nd year of  Nebuchadnezzar:  Dream of the immage -  " "
 !  Dream: 2 years after destruction of  Egypt  >> Flavius Josephus  10.10. 3 " "
152     2      4  !   6    3
" "
153     1      5  !   7    4 > 4th year Neb. - 8th year Jehoiakim - Neb. required tribute of Jehoiakim - Flav Jos 10.6.1 " "
45 600      6  !      5 " "
155     9      7  !   9    6 " "
156     8      8  !  10   7  2nd siege of Jerusalem 
Jer 52:28  in 7th year ->  3023  jews in exile >> 
" "
157     7      9  !  11   8  Jehoiachin (Jechonia) (18) reign 3 months ->
2Ki 24:8-14  -> taken prisoner in 8th year of Nebuch.
" "
46 596 3410  !   1    9  Zedekiah   (age 21) reign 11 years   Jer 52:1 " "
159     5      1  !   2  10  ➙ ❖ cuneiform tablet 595 BC      Psametichus II   595-589
" "
160     4      2  !   3  11 " "
161     3      3  !   4  12
Eze 1:1-2  -> 5th year of king Jehoiachin's captivity  > > >
" "
47     2      4  !   5  13 " "
163 591      5  !   6  14  SAROS   591 BC = 14th Nebuchadnezzar  -  Dan 3:   The Golden immage -  furnace  " "
610 590      6  !   7  15 " "
165     9      7  !   8  16
 Hophrah  or  Apries  reign  589-570
" "
48     8      8  !   9  17   3th siege Jeruzalem    Jer 39:1 - Jer 52:4 - 2Ki 25:1 - Eze 24:1 " "
607 587 3419  !  10 18  Jer 32:1
Jer 52:29 18th year ->   832 jews in exile    > >  
" "
         *     ➤     END  of  390  days  and  40  days (years)  of  Ezekiel.   " "
         Eze 4:4  AM 3029 (the Division) + 390 years for Israel = AM 3419 / 587 BC " "
         AM 3379  (13th year of Josiah) + 40 years  for  Judah  = AM 3419 / 587 BC " "
168 586 3420 11 19 11th Jer 39:2  19th 52:12   2Ki 25:8-9
   Temple ... destroyed     >  >  >  
" " "
169     5      1 20
Eze 33:21   12th  year of  exile   ➚ ➚ ➚ 
" " "
49     4      2 21 " " "
171     3      3 22 " " "
172     2      4 23  23 = 5th year after the...
Jer 52:30  23rd year ->   745 jews  in  exile    > > 
" " "
173     1      5 24  ... destruction of Jeruzalem  (Flavius  Josephus  X.9.7) " " "
50 580      6 25 1 - ?? " " "
175     9      7 26 " " "
176     8      8 27 " " "
177     7      9 28
 Dan 4   Dream of  the tree ... 7 years (times)   
" " "
51     6 3430 29 " " "
179     5      1 30 " " "
180     4      2 31 7 - ?? " " "
181 573      3 32  SAROS
Eze 40:1  25th year of exile - 14th year after ...destruction  >>
" " "
52     2      4 33   ➘ 573 BC = 32nd of Nebuchadnezzar " " "
183     1      5 34 " " "
184 570      6 35
 Pharao  Amasis  570-526
" " "
185     9      7 36 " " "
53 568      8 37   ➙ ❖ VAT 4956  >> cuniform text:  battle against Pharao Amasis in 37th year  " " "
53/2 567      9 38   ➘ ❖ VAT 4956  >> Transcription of its translation  " " "
188     6 3440 39 " " "
189     5      1 40  Nebuchadnezzar    1st  cuneiform tablet 7/9/605   last - 8/10/562 " " "
54     4      2 41 " " "
191     3      3 42 " " "
192     2      4 43 " " "
581 561 3445  1   Evil Merodach
2Ki 25:27   Jer 52:31    return  Jehoiachin  in 37th year  > > > 
" " "
    ↖︎    ↑  1st tablet 8/10/562  last-7/8/560  reign 2 years (Berossus) Fl Josephus (Apion 1:20) " " "
        ↖︎↑    reign: 22 years according to  WTS  ??? " " "
55 560 3446      2  >>  Cyrus king of  Persia  560-529 BC   >> according Diodorus Olympiad  55/1 " " "
195     9      7    1   Neriglissar  reign 4 years   1st tablet 11/8/560 " " "
196     8      8    2  " " "
197     7      9    3  " " "
56     6 3450    4   Labashi Marduch   9 months    1st  tablet 3/5  last 20/6/556 " " "
199 555      1    1   Nabonidus (17 years)  SAROS  555 BC= 1st year of Nabonid    1st tablet 25/5/556  last - 13/10/539 " " "
200     4      2    2 
" " "
201     3      3    3  " " "
57     2      4    4  " " "
203     1      5    5    1st year Belsazar + Nabonidus   vision of 4 beasts  Dan 7 " " "
204 550 3456     >>   Cyrus king of  Medes and Persians " " "
205     9      7    7    3rd year Belsazar  vision of ram, 2 horns, 2300 days  Dan 8 " " "
58     8      8    8  " " "
207 547      9    9    " Adda Guppi -
Born in the 20th year of Assurbanipal (Assyria) -
Died in the 9th year of Nabonidus (Babylon)
In all: 102 years,
according to the chronology of the WTS,
we come to 122 years ..."  ???
  
 *Adda Guppi - mother of Nabonidus dies 102 years - (°649-547 BC) 
  
" " "
208     6 3460   10 " " "
209     5      1   11 " " "
59     4      2   12 " " "
211     3      3   13 " " "
212     2      4   14 " " "
213     1      5   15 " " "
60 540      6   16 " " "
215 539 3467     17   Darius    Dan 5:30   Cyrus II
End  of  Babylon 70 years  < < < 
" " "
   Flavius Josephus - Against Apion 1:19 -  ... temple on fire.  " "
   It so happened that our city was desolate during  70 years until Cyrus. " "
216 538      8    1  Dan 9:1  1st year of  Darius... I discerned... book Jeremia... devastations of Jerusalem 70 years " "
    Fl Jos - Antiq.XI:1 - The 1st year of Cyrus, the 70th  from the day " "
  that our people were removed out of their own land into Babylon.  " "
217 537      9    2   SAROS  537BC= 2nd year Cyrus  Fl Jos Against Apion 1:21 - In 18th year of Nebuchadnezzar  " "
  our temple desolate... for 50 years.   In 2nd year of Cyrus its foundations were laid, " "
  and it was finished again in the 2nd year of Darius (I)       " "
61     6 3470    3  > Dan 10:1  Daniel's  vision
    50 years < < 
" "
219 535      1    4    " the 2nd month of the 2nd year after the people had returned from Babylonia, they started rebuilding the Lord's temple..." But many of the priests and Levites..., that had seen the first house, ... 12) wept with a loud voice; and many shouted aloud for joy*Ezr 3:8-12  " "
220     4      2    5  "
221     3      3    6  "
62     2      4    7  "
223     1      5    8  "
224 530      6      9  >>   Cyrus Killed in the battle  -> according Diodorus Olympiad  62/2 "
225     9      7  1   Cambyses II   8 years "
63     8      8  2  "
227     7      9  3  "
228     6 3480  4   Egypt: Psametichus III  reign  526-525 "
229 525      1  5   Cambyses  conquers  Egypt   May/June  525 "
64     4      2  6  "
231 523      3  7   523 BC = 7th year  ❖> more info: Clay Tablet BM 33066  <❖  "
232     2      4  8  "
233     1      5  1   Darius I  (the Great)  (age 29)  reign 36 years "
65 520      6  2 
Zech 1:1-12   ...whom you have denounced  these 70 years  
"
235 519      7  3   SAROS  519 BC = 3rd of Darius "
236     8      8  4 
-> Zech 7:1-5  when you fasted... in the 5th and 7th month...  for 70 years  
"
237     7      9  5  "
66 516 3490  
 70 years after the desolation  > Temple  inaugurated March 515  < < <
"
                   6th year of  Darius >  temple completed  Ezr 6:15
                           AM 3000  or  1006 BC      Temple  of   Salomo   inaugurated      
                     490 years later (70x7)  = AM 3490 or  516 BC  2nd temple completed
239     5      1  7 
240     4      2  8 
241     3      3  9 
67     2      4 10
243 511 3495 11

    
253 501 3505 21  SAROS   501 BC = 21st of Darius I
70 500      6 22
Pythagoras  570-500 
255     9      7 23
256     8      8 24
257     7      9 25
71 496 3510 26  > Darius    >> conquers Macedonia
259     5      1 27  1  >>  according to WTS    Darius + Xerxes  10 years  coregency  ??
260     4      2 28  2
261     3      3 29  3
72     2      4 30  4
263     1      5 31  5
264 490      6 32  6  Greek conquest near Marathon
265     9      7 33  7
73     8      8 34  8
267     7      9 35  9    Xerxes appointed as successor,  according to Herodotus . . .
    8     6 3520 36 10     . . . 1 year before  Darius went to war and died.
    9     5      1   1 11  Xerxes I    reign 21 years  (possibly Ahasveros   Esther 1:1)
74     4      2   2 12    >> info: Xerxes I << 
271 483      3   3 13  SAROS  483 BC = 3rd of Xerxes ❖> more info: BM 32234  <❖
    2     2      4   4 14
    3     1      5   5 15
75 480      6   6 16  Xerxes invades Greece - wins  at Thermoplyae - Leonidas dies + 300 Spartans
275     9      7   7 17
 Confucius °551-479 BC
    6     8      8   8 18
    7     7      9   9 19
76     6 3530 10 20
279     5      1 11 21
280     4      2 12  1  > WTS:  Artaxerxes 10 years earlier  > reign  51 years  instead  41 ???
    1     3      3 13  2
77     2      4 14  3
283     1      5 15  4
    4 470      6 16  5    Themistocles: letter to Xerxes
285     9      7 17  6
78     8      8 18  7
287     7      9 19  8  Themistocles went to Persia, spent 1 year studying the language . . .
288     6 3540 20  9   . . . before meeting the king   (Xerxes or Artaxerxes)
289 465      1 21 10 SAROS   Xerxes murdered (Aug 465 BC) by Artabanus - chief officer of Xerxes
79 464      2   1 11  Artaxerxes I     reign 41 years  (Longimanus or  Macrocheir) 

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